Overview of Impala Databases

In Impala, a database is a logical container for a group of tables. Each database defines a separate namespace. Within a database, you can refer to the tables inside it using their unqualified names. Different databases can contain tables with identical names.

Creating a database is a lightweight operation. There are minimal database-specific properties to configure, such as LOCATION and COMMENT.

You can change the owner of a database with the ALTER DATABASE statement.

Typically, you create a separate database for each project or application, to avoid naming conflicts between tables and to make clear which tables are related to each other. The USE statement lets you switch between databases. Unqualified references to tables, views, and functions refer to objects within the current database. You can also refer to objects in other databases by using qualified names of the form dbname.object_name.

Each database is physically represented by a directory in HDFS. When you do not specify a LOCATION attribute, the directory is located in the Impala data directory with the associated tables managed by Impala. When you do specify a LOCATION attribute, any read and write operations for tables in that database are relative to the specified HDFS directory.

There is a special database, named default, where you begin when you connect to Impala. Tables created in default are physically located one level higher in HDFS than all the user-created databases.

Impala includes another predefined database, _impala_builtins, that serves as the location for the built-in functions. To see the built-in functions, use a statement like the following:
show functions in _impala_builtins;
show functions in _impala_builtins like '*substring*';

Related statements: